# Fluid Translucency

## WHAT WILL YOU MAKE?

In this experiment, you will test how much light different fluids absorb. Does more light pass through soda than through orange juice? Find a variety of liquids, test them out, and then record your measurements.
PRINT THESE INSTRUCTIONS

## WHAT WILL YOU NEED?

• A clear plastic cup
• A 1/4 cup measuring cup
• A 1 teaspoon measuring spoon
• Liquids to measure
• Water
• Salt
• An Android phone with Google's Science Journal app installed

#### STEP 1

##### Find Your Ambient Light Sensor

With Google’s Science Journal app running in ambient light mode and a bright light overhead, move your finger around the screen of the phone. When you see the reading drop, you have located the light sensor for your phone — we will need to center our later tests over this spot.

#### STEP 2

Place your phone on a level surface under bright light. If your phone has a case or another accessory on it that won’t let it sit flat, shim it with some cardboard or other easily accessible material.

Measure 1/4 cup of your first liquid and carefully pour it into the clear plastic cup. This is your first sample.

#### STEP 3

With the sample placed over your light sensor, start recording on your first test. Leave the system to record for a little while to make sure table vibrations or your shadow when turning on the recording isn’t throwing off the reading.

#### STEP 4

Following the same steps, measure your second sample and compare the two.

#### STEP 5

##### Experiment with Salt

Let’s see how incremental changes can affect our readings.

Start by filling your cup with 1/4 cup of water and take a new measurement with the Science Journal app.

Add 1 tsp of salt to your cup and stir until it is fully dissolved. Now take a new measurement.

Continue adding salt, 1 tsp at a time, and take measurements after each until the salt won’t dissolve anymore.

## WHAT'S NEXT?

How did the salt affect your measurements? Can you chart those measurements in a way that you could closely approximate what the light level would be at any given amount of salt (1.5 teaspoons, 2.75 teaspoons)?

Transparency is commonly used to measure the amount of dissolved solids and particulate matter found in fluid samples. Try measuring other fluids around your home (be careful and stay out of the cleaning products). Do you have a stream, pond, lake, or river nearby? How does the transparency of the water change after a heavy rain shower compared to a period of time without rain? Does salt water’s transparency differ from fresh water? Why do you think that is?

Your safety is your own responsibility, including proper use of equipment and safety gear, and determining whether you have adequate skill and experience. Power tools, electricity, and other resources used for these projects are dangerous, unless used properly and with adequate precautions, including safety gear and adult supervision. Some illustrative photos do not depict safety precautions or equipment, in order to show the project steps more clearly. Use of the instructions and suggestions found in Maker Camp is at your own risk. Make Community, LLC, disclaims all responsibility for any resulting damage, injury, or expense.

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